Major Depressive Disorder

  • What is it? : a mental health disorder characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life
  • What are the general symptoms? : The DSM-V lists several symptoms, but here are some listed briefly –
    • depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day
      • depressed mood being defined as feelings of sadness, emptiness, hopelessness, etc.
    • diminished interest or pleasure in all or most of daily activities
    • significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain
    • insomnia or hypersomnia most days
    • agitation or retardation observed by others
    • fatigue or loss of energy
    • feelings of worthlessness and/or guilt
    • diminished ability to think or concentrate, and/or indecisiveness
    • recurrent thought of death, suicidal ideation (with or without a specific plan), suicide attempt or plan to commit suicide

The DSM-V also notes that these symptoms significant impairment and/or distress to everyday social or work life.